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Food and agriculture

Ecological Order

Healthy and affordable nutrition for all

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Theses on the current problems

1. Between 690 and 800 million people are still hungry worldwide.
2. The number of chronically undernourished people has increased by tens of millions in the last five years.
3. Growing areas of agricultural land are lost every year - through salinization, drought or erosion.

Ideas for possible solutions
- Guarantee of food security for all people
- Alignment of agricultural policy with the requirements and standards of organic and ecological farming and no longer with industrial agro-industry
- Promotion of local agricultural value chains and local marketing of agricultural products
- Measures against "land grabbing" by international agro-corporations in the poor countries of the South
- Access to clean drinking water for all
- No privatization of water sources
Agricultural production should follow the following four principles:
- Health principle: preserve and strengthen the health of the soil, plants and animals, people and the planet as a whole;
- Ecology principle: Agriculture should build on, work with, imitate and strengthen living ecosystems.
- Justice Principle: Agriculture should build on social relationships and ensure justice in terms of shared environment and equal opportunities.
- Care principle: Agriculture should be practiced in a precautionary and responsible manner, preserving the health and well-being of current and future generations and protecting the environment (cf. Rist 2014:143).

In Sub-Saharan Africa, 46.9% of the population still lived on less than $1.25 a day in 2015, and as many as 68.8% lived on less than $2 a day (see FAO 2015:94). Between 2014 and 2016, Ethiopia averaged 30 million undernourished people; Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire), and Tanzania each had around 20 million undernourished people; and Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda, and Madagascar counted around 10 million undernourished people. Between one and several million undernourished people lived in most countries in West, East and Central Africa during the same period, as well as in southern Africa (see Beasley 2017:15). And in South Asia, as many as 24.5% of the population had to live on less than 1.25 US dollars a day and 60.2% on less than 2 US dollars a day (cf. FAO 2015:94).


Cited Literature
Beasley, David
2017:  Jahreszeiten des Hungers. In: Le Monde Diplomatique (Ausgabe Schweiz) vom November 2017. 15.
2015:  The State of Food and Agriculture. Social Protection and Agriculture: Breaking the Cycle of Rural Poverty. Rom. Link .
- Rist, Stephan
2014:  Von der Regulierung zur Demokratisierung. Antworten auf den globalen Hunger. In: Widerspruch 64/2014. Zürich. 137ff.
- Unicef
2020:  UN-Bericht warnt: Immer mehr Menschen leiden an Hunger. 14.7.2020.

Download texts (free download):
Text Introduction to Ecology

Book notes

Christian J. Jäggi:
Nutrition, Food Markets and Agriculture. Economic Issues Against the Background of Globalization
Wiesbaden: Springer Edition 2021. 130 pages. ISBN 978-3-658-34671-3,
 softcover, also as ebook.
About this book:

Today, nutrition is mainly discussed under nutritional, medical-health or ideological aspects (e.g. vegetarianism, veganism, etc.). Although the food industry represents one of the most important markets, questions of food production, agriculture, food trade and biodiversity are mostly discussed under national auspices. Not only on the producer side, but also from the consumer perspective, food markets - although still nationally structured - have become more and more global markets, which can be seen, for example, in the development of food commodity prices. In addition, large food corporations are pursuing the strategy of standardizing the entire value chains in the agricultural and food sectors - under their control, mind you. The book addresses economic issues related to food production, agriculture, food trade and biodiversity. Alternatives to traditional agriculture, factory farming, and biodiversity loss are discussed - and reflected upon from an economic perspective. Particular attention is paid to aspects of globalization.
This book is a translation of the original German 1st edition Ernährung, Nahrungsmittelmärkte und Landwirtschaft by Christian J. Jäggi, published by Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature in 2018.
Orders: - we will gladly forward your order to the publisher - or directly to the publisher.

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